Brain Injury: What Does It Mean?

Brain Injury: What Does It Mean?

Erica Blomberg, MS, CCC-SLP and Jennifer Llado, MS, CCC-SLP

A tip card covering the nuances of brain injury and its symptoms. Starting off with two types of TBI, open head injuries and closed head injuries. From there, the tip card discusses symptoms and categorizations…respiratory symptoms, physical symptoms, cognitive symptoms, communication symptoms, and more. This tip card helps survivors, families and caregivers understand types and severity, recognize range of symptoms and identify rehabilitation experts.

Item: BIWM
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Full Description

Further discussion of swallowing symptoms, psychological symptoms, and types of rehabilitation – physical therapy, occupational thereapy, speech/language pathology, respiratory therapy, and social work. The tip card is a broad overview of information that addresses the struggles and situations that many TBI survivors face as they adapt to a new way of life, and the emotional issues that they face during this adjustment.

Details
Item BIWM
Pages 8 page pamphlet (tip card)
Year 2016

Authors

Erica Blomberg, MS, CCC-SLP

Ms Blomberg is a speech-language pathologist and Certified Brain Injury Specialist (CBIS) who is currently working as an advanced clinician in an inpatient rehabilitation setting in the Boston area, serving patients with strokes and mild-to-profound brain injuries including disorders of consciousness. She also volunteers for a local support group to assist brain injury survivors and their families stay connected to resources and area support.

Jennifer Papa Llado, MS, CCC-SLP

A speech-language pathologist with an additional Master's Degree in Healthcare Leadership, Ms Papa Llado is an Area Rehabilitation Director in Boston. She established Bright Side Therapy, LLC in 2012. The company was inspired by years of experience working with the adult brain injury population in various settings. She has designed and developed a range of products for speech and language pathologists that address a variety of cognitive and communication challenges in adults with stroke or traumatic brain injury.

Contents

What is Brain Injury?

Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Non Traumatic Acquired Brain Injury

Categorizing Brain Injury

Respiratory Symptoms

Physical Symptoms

Cognitive Systems

Communication Symptoms

  • Expressive language
  • Receptive language

Swallowing Symptoms

Psychological Symptoms

  • Rehabilitation (Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy)
  • Speech-Language Pathology
  • Respiratory Therapy
  • Social Work
  • References

    Excerpts

    What is a brain injury?

    Put simply, a brain injury is an event that damages the brain. This can be caused by an accident or a health issue. Brain injuries are categorized as a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or a non-traumatic brain injury. Both types can result in a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional changes.

    Types of traumatic brain injury (TBI)

    There are two types of TBI: open head injury and closed head injury.

    An open head injury occurs when an object enters the brain. This could be a foreign object such as a bullet or a piece of glass. An open head injury can also happen when the skull is fractured and a piece of bone penetrates the brain. When this occurs, the damage typically affects a specific or focal area of the brain.

    A closed head injury occurs one of two ways. In the first example, the head is struck by an object, such as being hit with a bat or a rock. The second occurs when the head forcefully hits a hard surface, such as hitting the ground after a fall or hitting the windshield in a car crash. Closed head injuries often result in more diffuse or widespread areas of brain damage. One example of diffuse axonal injury is the sudden impact of the head hitting a hard surface while in motion. This causes nerve cells that transmit messages throughout the brain (axons) to stretch and shear and results in widespread damage.

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